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Facts Of Pakistan


The Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Pakistan is situated between latitude 24 and 37 degrees north and longitude 62 and 75 degrees east. The country borders Iran on the west, India in the east, Afghanistan in the north-west, China in the north and Arabian sea on the south. The great mountain ranges of the Himalayas, the Karakorams and the Hindukush form Pakistan's northern highlands of the north-west frontier province and the Northern Area; Punjab province is a flat, alluvial plain with five major rivers dominating the upper region eventually joining the Indus river flowing south to the Arabian sea; Sindh is bounded on the east by the thar desert and the Rann of Kutch and on the west by the Kirthar range; the Balochistan plateau is an arid tableland, encircled by dry mountains. Pakistan was renamed in the Constitution of 1956 to The Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Pakistan name was coined by Choudhary Rahmat Ali (1893-1951) in 1933 using the suffix istan from Baluchistan preceded by the initial letters of Punjab, Afghanistan, and Kashmir. Word Pakistan also means holy, Sacred, Clean, Free and Independent in Urdu, Punjabi and Persian languages.

Geography of Pakistan:

Pakistan lies along the collision point between the Indian and Asian techtonic plates. As a result, much of the country consists of rugged mountains. The area of Pakistan is 880,940 square km (340,133 square miles). The country shares borders with Afghanistan to the northwest, China to the north, India to the south and east, and Iran to the west. The border with India is subject to dispute, with both nations claiming the mountain regions of Kashmir and Jammu. Pakistan's lowest point is its Indian Ocean coast, at sea level. The highest point is K2, the world's second-tallest mountain, at 8,611 meters (28,251 feet).

Economy of Pakistan:

Pakistan has great economic potential, but it has been hampered by internal political unrest, a lack of foreign investment, and its chronic state of conflict with India. As a result, the per capita GDP is only $2,600, and 24% of Pakistanis live under the poverty line. Nonetheless, the situation is improving rapidly, with GDP annual growth of 6-8% between 2004 and 2007. Unemployment stands at just 7.5%. Pakistan exports labor, textiles, rice, and carpets. It imports oil, petroleum products, machinery, and steel.The Pakistani rupee trades at 75.7 rupees / $1 US.

Something Interesting About Pakistan:

1- World's largest irrigation system is in Pakistan. 2- World's largest deep sea port is Gawadar in Pkaistan. 3- Pakistan is a proud owner of tallest cake world record. 4- World's largest milk processing plant with Nestle. 5- Population of Pakistan is larger than Russia , although the land is much smaller. 6- Pakistani armed force s are internationally ranked sixth largest in the world by 2010. 7- India was kicked out from U19 world cup by Pakistan. 8- Pakistan is the only muslim nuclear power. 9- Sixth nuclear power of the world. 10- Pakistan is ninth super-power nation of the world. 11- Pakistan is notable for having one of the best trained airforce pilots in the world. 12-Pakistan has world's youngest civil judge , Muhammad Illyas. 13-Pakistan has seventh largest collection of scientists and engineers. 14- About 50% of the world's footballs are made in Pakistan. 15- Pakistan's national anthem tune ranks first in the top three tunes of the world. 16-Fourth largest broadband internet system of world is in Pakistan. 17-The youngest certified microsoft technology specialist is a Pakistani who is only 12 yrs old. 18- Second laregst salt mines of the world are Khewra Mines in Pakistan. 19- Largest producer of chickpeas. 20- Pakistan has sixth largest population in the world