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Introduction To Pakistan

Pakistan is a country situated in southern part of Asia, in its north lies China the Central Asian states and the Russian federation, to the west is Afghanistan and Iran while to the east is India. Pakistan has four provinces namely Punjab, Balochistan, NWFP and Sind. Islamabad is the capital of Pakistan, and five districts of the northern areas are administered directly from the Capital.
Pakistan is one of the diversified countries of the world in terms of its culture, landscape, and climate. To the north of Pakistan is the highest mountain system of world, having its harsh climate. To the west are the fertile plains of Indus valley. The area of Pakistan is 796096km2 while its population is around140 million. Pakistan is an agricultural country. Its major exports include the agricultural products like cotton, sugar, rice and textile. The literacy rate of the country is nearly 40%. Urdu is the official language of Pakistan where as English is used for education, trade and other purposes.


The northern areas are located at a very key position in Asia. This is the only place where the three major parts of Asia i.e. southern Asia, central Asia and south East Asia converge. Therefore this area is known as axis of Asia. Another main feature of this region is that is it is the point of convergence of the four higher mountain ranges of the world named as the Karakoram, the Himalayas, the Hindukush and the Pamirs. Therefore it is also entitled the roof of the world.